Review

 

  GRAMMAR REVIEW 1 (examples)

   GRAMMAR REVIEW 2 (examples)

Present perfect (games)

Click on the images to play the games:

   

Present perfect (british humour)

There were four race horses in a stable one day. It was raining and they were bored so they started talking about their track records. One of them boasted,

 ‘I’ve been in eight races so far this year and I’ve won five of them’   

That’s nothing!’ interrupted the second race horse, I’ve run in twelve races since the beginning of this year and I’ve won seven of them.’

The third race horse broke in,    ‘Well, I’ve taken part in 15 races this year and I’ve won ten of them.’  

I’ve done better than any of you,’ claimed the fourth race horse. ‘So far this year I’ve been in 18 races and I’ve only lost four of them.’

At this point, they noticed that a small greyhound dog was sitting and listening to their conversation, wagging his tail.

I don’t want to brag,’ he said, ‘But I’ve been in forty five races this year up till now and I haven’t lost any of them!’

The horses were absolutely amazed.    ‘That’s just incredible! I’ve never heard anything like it!’ said one of them, after an impressed silence, ‘A talking dog!’

(source: www.esljokes.net )

PRESENT PERFECT + EVER, NEVER, ALREADY, YET, JUST

El Present Perfect se usa también con todas estas otras partículas:

 

ever (que se traduce por alguna vez, en alguna ocasión) normalmente en preguntas del tipo:

Have you ever been to London? (¿Has estado alguna vez en Londres?)

Have you ever eaten sushi? (¿Has comido sushi en alguna ocasión?)

 

never (que se traduce por nunca)

I have never met anyone famous. (Nunca he conocido a nadie famoso.)

We have never seen a ghost. (Nunca hemos visto un fantasma.)

 

yet fíjate que siempre se coloca al final de la frase. En preguntas (se traduce por ya o todavía no)

Has the match finished yet? (¿Ha acabado ya el partido?)

Have they arrived yet? (¿Todavía no han llegado?)

en oraciones negativas (se traduce por todavía o aún)

No, the match hasn’t finished yet. (No, el partido no ha terminado todavía.)

No, they have not arrived yet. (No, aún no han llegado.)

 

already (se traduce por ya) se usa normalmente en oraciones afirmativas y siempre va colocado entre el auxiliar y el verbo.

Yes, the match has already finished. (Si, el partido ya ha acabado.)

Yes, they have already arrived. (Si, ya han llegado.)

 

just para acciones muy, muy recientes (hace que nuestro present perfect se traduzca por acabar de …)

The referee has just whistled the end. (El árbitro acaba de pitar el final.)

Their plane has just landed. (Su vuelo acaba de aterrizar.)

Present perfect

El “Present Perfect” es un tiempo que sirve para describir acciones sucedidas en el pasado pero dentro de un periodo de tiempo que guardan alguna relación con el presente.

Equivale en castellano al pretérito perfecto

I have bought a car. Me he comprado un coche  (nos indica que la acción de comprar el coche acaba de realizarse)

She has seen Paul twice this week. Ha visto a Paul dos veces esta semana (el periodo de tiempo “esta semana” no ha acabado)

Para formar el presente perfecto, se usa el verbo auxiliar “to have” en el presente y el participio pasado del verbo.

 

Positive

Negative

Question

I have studied haven’t studied Have I studied?
You have studied haven’t studied Have you studied?
He has studied hasn’t studied Has he studied?
She has studied hasn’t studied Has she studied?
It has studied hasn’t studied Has it studied?
We have studied haven’t studied Have we studied?
You (all) have studied haven’t studied Have you studied?
They have studied haven’t studied Have they studied?

Examples:

  • I have [I’ve] talked to Peter. (He hablado con Peter.)
  • She has [She’s] gone to work. (Ha ido a su trabajo.)
  • We have not [We haven’t] been to London. (No hemos ido a Londres.)
  • Have they learned English? (¿Han aprendido inglés?)

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Present Perfect (basic)

Watch this video:

Exercises

Sigue leyendo

Simple Past Videos

Watch these videos. I hope they can help you to learn the Simple Past Tense.

Aprender a utilizar correctamente el Pasado Simple es imprescindible. Utiliza todos los recursos que tengas a mano para aprenderlo y así poder utilizarlo. Sigue leyendo

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